This Day In History
Saturday, July 21, 2018
On This Day

March

March 1, 1565 - The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.
March 1, 1803 - Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.
March 1, 1961 - President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
March 2, 1791 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
March 2, 1811 - A royalist fleet defeats a small flotilla of revolutionary ships in the Battle of San Nicolás on the River Plate.
March 2, 1933 - The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
March 3, 1845 - Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
March 3, 1915 - NACA, the predecessor of NASA, is founded.
March 3, 1923 - TIME magazine is published for the first time.
March 4, 1791 - Vermont is admitted to the U.S. as the fourteenth state.
March 4, 1970 - French submarine Eurydice explodes underwater, resulting in the loss of the entire 57-man crew.
March 4, 1974 - People magazine is published for the first time.
March 5, 1872 - George Westinghouse patents the air brake.
March 5, 1943 - First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom.
March 5, 1975 - First meeting of the Homebrew Computer Club
March 6, 1521 - Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.
March 6, 1834 - York, Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.
March 6, 1899 - Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
March 7, 1814 - Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
March 7, 1965 - A group of 600 civil rights marchers are forcefully broken up in Selma, Alabama.
March 7, 1985 - The song "We Are the World" has its international release.
March 8, 1618 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion.
March 8, 1817 - The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
March 8, 1868 - Sakai incident.
March 9, 1811 - Paraguayan forces defeat Manuel Belgrano at the Battle of Tacuarí.
March 9, 1959 - The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.
March 9, 1961 - Sputnik 9 successfully launches, carrying a human dummy nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich, and demonstrating that Soviet Union was ready to begin human spaceflight.
March 10, 241 BC - Battle of the Aegates Islands – The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
March 10, 1830 - The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
March 10, 1977 - Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.
March 11, 1649 - The Frondeurs and the French sign the Peace of Rueil.
March 11, 1851 - The first performance of Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi takes place in Venice.
March 11, 1927 - In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre.
March 12, 1664 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England.
March 12, 1689 - The Williamite War in Ireland begins.
March 12, 1918 - Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
March 13, 1781 - William Herschel discovers Uranus.
March 13, 1897 - San Diego State University is founded.
March 13, 1988 - The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan.
March 14, 1590 - Battle of Ivry.
March 14, 1794 - Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
March 14, 1931 - Alam Ara, India's first talkie film, is released.
March 15, 1311 - The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
March 15, 1820 - Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.
March 15, 1956 - My Fair Lady premiered on Broadway at the Mark Hellinger Theatre.
March 16, 1322 - The Battle of Boroughbridge take place in the Despenser Wars.
March 16, 1926 - Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket.
March 16, 1968 - In the My Lai massacre, between 350 and 500 Vietnamese villagers (men, women, and children) are killed by American troops.
March 17, 1947 - First flight of the B-45 Tornado strategic bomber.
March 17, 1958 - The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
March 17, 1963 - Mount Agung erupted on Bali.
March 18, 1925 - The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
March 18, 1937 - The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children.
March 18, 1965 - Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
March 19, 1279 - A Mongolian victory Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.
March 19, 1895 - Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph.
March 19, 1932 - The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
March 20, 1602 - The Dutch East India Company is established.
March 20, 1815 - After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule.
March 20, 1916 - Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
March 21, 1788 - A fire in New Orleans leaves most of the town in ruins.
March 21, 1963 - Alcatraz, a federal penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.
March 21, 1968 - Battle of Karameh in Jordan between Israeli Defense Forces and Fatah.
March 22, 1622 - Algonquian Indians kill 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony's population.
March 22, 1638 - Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.
March 22, 1942 - In the Mediterranean Sea, the Royal Navy confronts Italy's Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte.
March 23, 1879 - The Battle of Topáter, the first battle of the war is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru.
March 23, 1965 - NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight.
March 23, 2001 - The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
March 24, 1860 - Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister (Tairō) Ii Naosuke
March 24, 1882 - Robert Koch announces the discovery of mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis.
March 24, 1993 - Discovery of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9.
March 25, 1807 - The Swansea and Mumbles Railway, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, becomes the first passenger carrying railway in the world.
March 25, 1911 - In New York City, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills 146 garment workers.
March 25, 1958 - Canada's Avro Arrow makes its first flight.
March 26, 1636 - Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands.
March 26, 1830 - The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
March 26, 1975 - The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) comes into force.
March 27, 1794 - The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
March 27, 1964 - The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
March 27, 1975 - Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
March 28, 1809 - France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
March 28, 1910 - Henri Fabre becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.
March 28, 2005 - The 2005 Sumatra earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the fourth strongest earthquake since 1965.
March 29, 1461 - Battle of Towton – Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England.
March 29, 1886 - Dr. John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia.
March 29, 1974 - NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury.
March 30, 1842 - Anesthesia is used for the first time, in an operation by the American surgeon Dr. Crawford Long.
March 30, 1867 - Alaska is purchased from Russia for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward.
March 30, 1939 - The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 746.606 km/h (463.919 mph).
March 31, 1889 - The Eiffel Tower is officially opened.
March 31, 1921 - The Royal Australian Air Force is formed.
March 31, 1966 - The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
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