This Day In History
Wednesday, November 14, 2018
On This Day

December

December 1, 1913 - The Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
December 1, 1959 - Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent.
December 1, 1975 - Lambda Theta Phi - The first Latino fraternity is established in New Jersey.
December 2, 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens.
December 2, 1805 - Battle of Austerlitz
December 2, 1942 - Manhattan Project: A team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
December 3, 1818 - Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state.
December 3, 1917 - After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, including two collapses causing 89 deaths, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
December 3, 1976 - An assassination attempt is made on Bob Marley.
December 4, 306 - Martyrdom of Saint Barbara.
December 4, 1674 - Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek.
December 4, 1881 - The first edition of the «Los Angeles Times» is published.
December 5, 1492 - Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
December 5, 1766 - James Christie holds his first sale.
December 5, 1952 - Great Smog of 1952 begun.
December 6, 1648 - Pride's Purge.
December 6, 1865 - The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, banning slavery.
December 6, 1921 - The Anglo-Irish Treaty is signed in London by British and Irish representatives.
December 7, 1724 - Tumult of Thorn
December 7, 1787 - Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.
December 7, 1941 - Attack on Pearl Harbor.
December 8, 1941 - Battle of Hong Kong begins.
December 8, 1980 - John Lennon, an English musician and peace activist, is murdered by Mark David Chapman, a mentally unstable fan, in front of The Dakota apartment building in New York City.
December 8, 1991 - The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 9, 1851 - The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.
December 9, 1905 - In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
December 9, 1958 - The John Birch Society is founded in the United States.
December 10, 1817 - Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.
December 10, 1901 - The first Nobel Prizes are awarded.
December 10, 1948 - The UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
December 11, 1816 - Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state.
December 11, 1946 - The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund is established.
December 11, 1997 - The Kyoto Protocol opens for signature.
December 12, 1787 - Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution five days after Delaware became the first.
December 12, 1897 - Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
December 12, 1911 - Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
December 13, 1545 - Council of Trent begins.
December 13, 1642 - Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand.
December 13, 1937 - Nanjing Massacre begin.
December 14, 1819 - Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state.
December 14, 1911 - Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
December 14, 2004 - The Millau viaduct, the tallest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened.
December 15, 1906 - The London Underground's Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens.
December 15, 1970 - Soviet spacecraft Venera 7 successfully land on Venus. It is the first successful soft landing on another planet
December 15, 2006 - First flight of the F-35 Lightning II.
December 16, 1575 - The 1575 Valdivia earthquake takes place.
December 16, 1773 - Boston Tea Party.
December 16, 1997 - An episode of Pokémon, "Dennō Senshi Porygon", aired in Japan induces seizures in 685 Japanese children.
December 17, 1790 - Discovery of the Aztec calendar stone.
December 17, 1903 - The Wright Brothers make their first powered and heavier-than-air flight in the «Wright Flyer» at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
December 17, 1989 - The first episode of television series The Simpsons, "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire", airs in the United States.
December 18, 1787 - New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
December 18, 1888 - Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde.
December 18, 1958 - Project SCORE, the world's first communications satellite, is launched.
December 19, 1154 - Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
December 19, 1946 - Start of the First Indochina War.
December 19, 1983 - The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro.
December 20, 1860 - South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the United States.
December 20, 1951 - The EBR-1 in Arco, Idaho becomes the first nuclear power plant to generate electricity.
December 20, 2004 - A gang of thieves steal £26.5 million worth of currency from the Donegall Square West headquarters of Northern Bank in Belfast,
December 21, 1891 - The first game of basketball ever played took place in the Mason Square district of Springfield.
December 21, 1898 - Radium was discovered by Marie Skłodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre.
December 21, 1913 - Arthur Wynne's "word-cross", the first crossword puzzle, is published in the New York World.
December 22, 1790 - The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies.
December 22, 1937 - The Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York City.
December 22, 1989 - Berlin's Brandenburg Gate re-opens after nearly 30 years, effectively ending the division of East and West Germany.
December 23, 1913 - The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve.
December 23, 1947 - The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
December 23, 1972 - The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster are rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.
December 24, 1851 - Library of Congress burns.
December 24, 1865 - The Ku Klux Klan is formed.
December 24, 1914 - The "Christmas truce" begins.
December 25, 274 - Emperor Aurelian makes Sol Invictus to an official cult, it becomes the state religion of Rome.
December 25, 1553 - Battle of Tucapel
December 25, 1932 - A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu.
December 26, 1870 - The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
December 26, 1991 - The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union meets and formally dissolves the USSR.
December 26, 2004 - A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka.
December 27, 1657 - The Flushing Remonstrance is signed.
December 27, 1922 - Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world.
December 27, 1932 - Radio City Music Hall opened in New York City.
December 28, 1846 - Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.
December 28, 1895 - The Lumière brothers perform for their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines, marking the debut of the cinema.
December 28, 1908 - A magnitude 7.2 earthquake rocks Messina, Sicily killing over 75,000.
December 29, 1835 - The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
December 29, 1845 - According with International Boundary delimitation, U.S.A annexes the Mexican state of Texas, following the Manifest Destiny doctrine. For others, the Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is admitted as the 28th U.S. state.
December 29, 1939 - First flight of the Consolidated B-24.
December 30, 1460 - Battle of Wakefield.
December 30, 1903 - A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago.
December 30, 1927 - The Ginza Line, the first subway line in Asia, opens in Tokyo.
December 31, 1600 - The British East India Company is chartered.
December 31, 1879 - Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time, in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
December 31, 1909 - Manhattan Bridge opens.
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