This Day In History
Sunday, May 20, 2018
On This Day

Events

in 1242

Louis IX of France...
Louis IX of France puts an end to the revolt of his vassals Henry III of England and Hugh X of Lusignan. There were three military confrontations called the Battle of Taillebourg, site of strategic importance on the route between Northern and Southern France, via the bridge built over the Charente River. The first one was that which saw the victory of Charlemagne, in 808, over the Saracens. The second, most significant and best-known was the battle between the Capetian troops of the king of France, Louis IX, known as ‘Saint Louis’, allied with those of his brother the Count of Poitiers, Alphonse and the rebel followers of Hugh X of Lusignan and Henry III of England, in 1242. The third and minor battle took place during the Hundred Years' War, on 8 April 1351 and was notable mainly for the attempt of the French commander, Guy de Nesle, Marshal of France, to counter the English infantry tactics by dismounting the majority of his knights, while reserving two groups on horseback for flanking attacks. The tactic was a failure and de Nesle was captured by the English, only to be ransomed subsequently.
battle, Taillebourg





Births

in 356 BC
Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history's most successful commanders.

Deaths

in 1796
Robert Burns

Robert Burns (also known as Rabbie Burns, Scotland's favourite son, the Ploughman Poet, Robden of Solway Firth, the Bard of Ayrshire and in Scotland as simply The Bard) was a Scottish poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a "light" Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these his political or civil commentary is often at its most blunt.
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