This Day In History
Saturday, July 21, 2018
On This Day

Events

in 1602

The Bodleian Library at...
The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public. The Bodleian Library the main research library of the University of Oxford, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in Britain is second in size only to the British Library. Known to Oxford scholars as “Bodley” or simply “the Bod”, under the Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003 it is one of six legal deposit libraries for works published in the United Kingdom and under Irish Law it is entitled to request a copy of each book published in the Republic of Ireland. Though University members may borrow some books from dependent libraries (such as the Radcliffe Science Library), the Bodleian operates principally as a reference library and in general documents may not be removed from the reading rooms.
Bodleian Library, library, Oxford

in 1793

The Louvre Museum
The Louvre Museum
In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum. The Louvre (Le musee du Louvre) – is one of the world's largest museums, the most visited art museum in the world and a historic monument. A central landmark of Paris, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district). Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 19th century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet).
Louvre, museum, Paris

in 1923

In Munich, Adolf Hitler...
In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. The Beer Hall Putsch was a failed attempt at revolution that occurred between the evening of 8 November and the early afternoon of 9 November 1923, when Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler, Generalquartiermeister Erich Ludendorff, and other heads of the Kampfbund unsuccessfully tried to seize power in Munich, Bavaria and Germany.
Beer Hall Putsch, Adolf Hitler, Munich





Births

in 1900
Margaret Mitchell

Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her epic novel «Gone with the Wind», her only major publication. This novel is one of the most popular books of all time, selling more than 30 million copies (see list of best-selling books).
in 1920
Esther Rolle

Esther Rolle was an American actress. She was perhaps best known for her portrayal of Florida Evans on the CBS television sitcom Maude and its spin-off series Good Times.
in 1923
Jack Kilby

Jack St. Clair Kilby was an American physicist who took part (along with Robert Noyce) in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments (TI) in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000. He is also the inventor of the handheld calculator and the thermal printer.
in 1935
Alain Delon

Alain Fabien Maurice Marcel Delon is a French actor. He rose quickly to stardom, and by the age of 23 was already being compared to French actors such as Gérard Philipe and Jean Marais, as well as American actor James Dean.

Deaths

in 1674
John Milton

John Milton was an English poet, polemicist, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England. He is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost.
in 1953
Ivan Bunin

Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature for the strict artistry with which he carried on the classical Russian traditions in the writing of prose and poetry. The texture of his poems and stories, sometimes referred to as «Bunin brocade», is considered to be one of the richest in the language.
in 1998
Jean Marais

Jean-Alfred Villain-Marais was a French actor and director.
in 2009
Vitaly Ginzburg

Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg was a Soviet theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, Nobel laureate, a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and one of the fathers of Soviet hydrogen bomb. He was the successor to Igor Tamm as head of the Department of Theoretical Physics of the Academy's physics institute, and an outspoken atheist.
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