This Day In History
Friday, May 25, 2018
On This Day

Events

in 274

Repousse silver disc of Sol Invictus
Repousse silver disc of Sol Invictus
Emperor Aurelian makes Sol Invictus to an official cult, it becomes the state religion of Rome. Sol Invictus ("Invincible Sun") was the official sun god of the later Roman empire. In 274 Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. Scholars disagree whether the new deity was a refoundation of the ancient Latin cult of Sol, a revival of the cult of Elagabalus or completely new. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 AD. and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. A festival on 25 December is thought to be responsible for the date of Christmas.
Emperor Aurelian, Sol Invictus, Rome, religion

in 1553

Battle of Tucapel The Battle of Tucapel (also known as the Disaster of Tucapel) is the name given to a battle fought between Spanish conquistador forces led by Pedro de Valdivia and Mapuche (Araucanian) Indians under Lautaro that took place at Tucapel, Chile on December 25, 1553. This battle happened in the context of the first stage of the Arauco War, named the "offensive war" within a larger uprising by Araucanians against the Spanish conquest of Chile. It was a defeat for the Spaniards, resulting in the capture and eventual death of Valdivia.
Tucapel, battle

in 1932

A magnitude 7.6 earthquake...
A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu. The 1932 Changma earthquake occurred at 10:04:27 local time (02:04:07 UTC) on 25 December. With an estimated magnitude of 7.6 on the surface wave magnitude scale, and a maximum felt intensity of X (Intense) on the Mercalli intensity scale, the quake destroyed 1,167 houses, and 275 people were killed with a further 320 injured.
earthquake, Gansu, China





Births

in 1899
Humphrey Bogart

Humphrey DeForest Bogart was an American actor. He is widely regarded as a cultural icon. The American Film Institute ranked Bogart as the greatest male star in the history of American cinema.
in 1971
Dido

Dido Florian Cloud de Bounevialle O'Malley Armstrong, known as Dido, is an English singer-songwriter.

Deaths

in 1977
Charlie Chaplin

Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin was an English comic actor, film director and composer best known for his work during the silent film era.
in 2006
James Brown

James Joseph Brown was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and recording artist. He is the originator of Funk and is recognized as a major figure in the 20th century popular music for both his vocals and dancing. He has been referred to as "The Godfather of Soul," "Mr. Dynamite," "Soul Brother Number One" and "The Hardest Working Man in Show Business."
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