This Day In History
This Day In History
Saturday, November 17, 2018

«French mathematician»

Pierre-Simon Girard

Pierre-Simon Girard
(November 4, 1765 - November 30, 1836)
Pierre-Simon Girard was a French mathematician and engineer, who worked on fluids.
French mathematician, mathematician, engineer

Pierre de Fermat

Pierre de Fermat
(August 17, 1601 - January 12, 1665)
Pierre de Fermat was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and an amateur mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his adequality.
French mathematician, mathematician

Rene Descartes

Rene Descartes
(March 31, 1596 - February 11, 1650)
René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the 'Father of Modern Philosophy', and much subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. In particular, his Meditations on First Philosophy continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments.
French mathematician, mathematician, philosopher

Joseph Fourier

Joseph Fourier
(March 21, 1768 - May 16, 1830)
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier was a French mathematician and physicist best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier's Law are also named in his honour. Fourier is also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhouse effect.
French mathematician, mathematician, physicist

Pierre-Simon Laplace

Pierre-Simon Laplace
(March 23, 1749 - March 5, 1827)
Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace was a French mathematician and astronomer whose work was pivotal to the development of mathematical astronomy and statistics. He summarized and extended the work of his predecessors in his five volume Mécanique Céleste (Celestial Mechanics) (1799–1825). This work translated the geometric study of classical mechanics to one based on calculus, opening up a broader range of problems. In statistics, the so-called Bayesian interpretation of probability was mainly developed by Laplace.
French mathematician, mathematician, astronomer

Augustin-Louis Cauchy

Augustin-Louis Cauchy
(August 21, 1789 - May 23, 1857)
Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician who was an early pioneer of analysis. He started the project of formulating and proving the theorems of infinitesimal calculus in a rigorous manner, rejecting the heuristic principle of the generality of algebra exploited by earlier authors.
French mathematician, mathematician

Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal
(June 19, 1623 - August 19, 1662)
Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method.
French mathematician, mathematician, physicist

Sophie Germain

Sophie Germain
(April 1, 1776 - June 27, 1831)
Marie-Sophie Germain was a French mathematician, physicist and philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents and difficulties presented by a gender-biased society, she gained education from books in her father's library and from correspondence with famous mathematicians such as LaGrange, Legendre, and Gauss. One of the pioneers of elasticity theory, she won the grand prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her essay on the subject.
French mathematician, mathematician, physicist, philosopher
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