This Day In History
This Day In History
Monday, September 24, 2018

«Nobel laureate»

Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling
(December 30, 1865 - January 18, 1936)
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was an English poet, short-story writer, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of British imperialism, tales and poems of British soldiers in India, and his tales for children. Kipling received the 1907 Nobel Prize for Literature.
English writer, writer, Nobel laureate

Albert Camus

Albert Camus
(November 7, 1913 - January 4, 1960)
Albert Camus was a French author, journalist, and key philosopher of the 20th century. In 1949, Camus founded the Group for International Liaisons within the Revolutionary Union Movement, which was opposed to some tendencies of the Surrealist movement of André Breton.
French writer, writer, Nobel laureate

Wilhelm Rontgen

Wilhelm Rontgen
(March 27, 1845 - February 10, 1923)
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen was a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901
German physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate, Rontgen, X-rays

Vladimir Prelog

Vladimir Prelog
(July 23, 1906 - January 7, 1998)
Vladimir Prelog was a Croatian chemist and Nobel Prize winner in chemistry. Prelog lived and worked in Prague, Zagreb and Zürich during his lifetime.
Croatian chemist, chemist, Nobel laureate

Wilhelm Wien

Wilhelm Wien
(January 13, 1864 - August 30, 1928)
Wilhelm Carl Werner Otto Fritz Franz Wien was a German physicist who, in 1893, used theories about heat and electromagnetism to deduce Wien's displacement law, which calculates the emission of a blackbody at any temperature from the emission at any one reference temperature.
German physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Martin Luther King, Jr

Martin Luther King, Jr
(January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968)
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.
American clergyman, clergyman, activist, Nobel laureate

Joseph Brodsky

Joseph Brodsky
(May 24, 1940 - January 28, 1996)
Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky, was a Russian poet and essayist.
Russian poet, poet, essayist, Nobel laureate

Giosue Carducci

Giosue Carducci
(July 27, 1835 - February 16, 1907)
Giosuè Alessandro Michele Carducci was an Italian poet and teacher. He was very influential and was regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy. In 1906 he became the first Italian to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Italian poet, poet, Nobel laureate

Henri Moissan

Henri Moissan
(September 28, 1852 - February 20, 1907)
Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan was a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds.
French chemist, chemist, Nobel laureate

American writer, writer, Nobel laureate

American writer, writer, Nobel laureate
(February 27, 1902 - December 20, 1968)
John Steinbeck


Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein
(March 14, 1879 - April 18, 1955)
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics. For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics and one of the most prolific intellects in human history. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory within physics.
Einstein, German physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Paul Heyse

Paul Heyse
(March 15, 1830 - April 2, 1914)
Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse was a distinguished German writer and translator. A member of two important literary societies, the Tunnel über der Spree in Berlin and Die Krokodile in Munich, he wrote novels, poetry, 177 short stories, and about sixty dramas. The sum of Heyse's many and varied productions made him a dominant figure among German men of letters.
German writer, writer, Nobel laureate

Corneille Heymans

Corneille Heymans
(March 28, 1892 - July 18, 1968)
Corneille Jean François Heymans was a Flemish physiologist. He studied at the prestigious Jesuit College of Sainte Barbe after which he proceeded to Ghent University, where he obtained a doctor's degree in 1920.
Flemish physiologist, physiologist, Nobel laureate

Lev Landau

Lev Landau
(January 22, 1908 - April 1, 1968)
Lev Davidovich Landau was a prominent Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. His accomplishments include the independent co-discovery of the density matrix method in quantum mechanics (alongside John von Neumann), the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity, the theory of second-order phase transitions, the Ginzburg–Landau theory of superconductivity, the theory of Fermi liquid, the explanation of Landau damping in plasma physics, the Landau pole in quantum electrodynamics, and the two-component theory of neutrinos. He received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II at a temperature below 2.17 K (−270.98 °C).
Soviet physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Max von Laue

Max von Laue
(October 9, 1879 - April 24, 1960)
Max Theodor Felix von Laue was a German physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals. In addition to his scientific endeavors with contributions in optics, crystallography, quantum theory, superconductivity, and the theory of relativity, he had a number of administrative positions which advanced and guided German scientific research and development during four decades. A strong objector to National Socialism, he was instrumental in re-establishing and organizing German science after World War II.
German physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Robert Koch

Robert Koch
(December 11, 1843 - May 27, 1910)
Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch was a German physician. He became famous for isolating Bacillus anthracis (1877), the Tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and Vibrio cholerae (1883) and for his development of Koch's postulates. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905 for his tuberculosis findings. He is considered one of the founders of microbiology, inspiring such major figures as Paul Ehrlich and Gerhard Domagk.
German physician, physician, Nobel laureate

Jack Kilby

Jack Kilby
(November 8, 1923 - June 20, 2005)
Jack St. Clair Kilby was an American physicist who took part (along with Robert Noyce) in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments (TI) in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000. He is also the inventor of the handheld calculator and the thermal printer.
American physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Pyotr Kapitsa

Pyotr Kapitsa
(July 8, 1894 - April 8, 1984)
Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa was a leading Soviet physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate.
Soviet physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Elias Canetti

Elias Canetti
(July 25, 1905 - August 14, 1994)
Elias Canetti was a Bulgarian-born modernist novelist, playwright, memoirist, and non-fiction writer. He wrote in German and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1981, "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power".
Bulgarian writer, writer, Nobel laureate
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