This Day In History
This Day In History
Tuesday, September 18, 2018

«Soviet physicist»

Abram Ioffe

Abram Ioffe
(October 29, 1880 - October 14, 1960)
Abram Fyodorovich Ioffe was a prominent Russian/Soviet physicist. He received the Stalin Prize (1942), the Lenin Prize (1960) (posthumously), and the Hero of Socialist Labor (1955). Ioffe was an expert in electromagnetism, radiology, crystals, high-impact physics, thermoelectricity and photoelectricity. He established research laboratories for radioactivity, superconductivity, and nuclear physics, many of which became independent institutes.
Ioffe, Soviet physicist, physicist

Vitaly Ginzburg

Vitaly Ginzburg
(October 4, 1916 - November 8, 2009)
Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg was a Soviet theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, Nobel laureate, a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and one of the fathers of Soviet hydrogen bomb. He was the successor to Igor Tamm as head of the Department of Theoretical Physics of the Academy's physics institute, and an outspoken atheist.
Ginzburg, Soviet physicist, physicist

Igor Kurchatov

Igor Kurchatov
(January 12, 1903 - February 7, 1960)
Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov was a Soviet nuclear physicist who is widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
Soviet physicist, physicist, atomic bomb

Lev Landau

Lev Landau
(January 22, 1908 - April 1, 1968)
Lev Davidovich Landau was a prominent Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. His accomplishments include the independent co-discovery of the density matrix method in quantum mechanics (alongside John von Neumann), the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity, the theory of second-order phase transitions, the Ginzburg–Landau theory of superconductivity, the theory of Fermi liquid, the explanation of Landau damping in plasma physics, the Landau pole in quantum electrodynamics, and the two-component theory of neutrinos. He received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II at a temperature below 2.17 K (−270.98 °C).
Soviet physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate

Pyotr Kapitsa

Pyotr Kapitsa
(July 8, 1894 - April 8, 1984)
Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa was a leading Soviet physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate.
Soviet physicist, physicist, Nobel laureate
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