This Day In History
Wednesday, November 14, 2018
On This Day

1642

Events

November 24, 1642

Abel Tasman becomes the...
Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen's Land. Van Diemen's Land was the original name used by most Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia. The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to land on the shores of Tasmania. Landing at Blackman's Bay and later having the Dutch flag flown at North Bay, Tasman named the island Anthoonij van Diemenslandt in honour of Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies who had sent Tasman on his voyage of discovery in 1642. Between 1772 and 1798 only the South East of the island was visited. Tasmania was not known to be an island until Matthew Flinders and George Bass circumnavigated it in the Norfolk in 1798-99.
Abel Tasman, discover, Tasmania

December 13, 1642

Detail from a 1657 map showing the western coastline of "Nova Zeelandia"
Detail from a 1657 map showing the western coastline of "Nova Zeelandia"
Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand. Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and called it Staten Landt, supposing it was connected to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America. In 1645 Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand.
Abel Tasman, New Zealand





Births

Deaths

January 8, 1642
Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the Father of Modern Science".
August 18, 1642
Guido Reni

Guido Reni was an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
December 4, 1642
Cardinal Richelieu

Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac was a French clergyman, noble, and statesman.
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