This Day In History
Tuesday, November 13, 2018
On This Day

1898

Events

December 21, 1898

Radium was discovered by Marie Skłodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre. While studying the mineral, the Curies removed uranium from it and found that the remaining material was still radioactive. They then separated out a radioactive mixture consisting mostly of compounds of barium which gave a brilliant green flame color and crimson carmine spectral lines that had never been documented before. The Curies announced their discovery to the French Academy of Sciences on 26 December 1898.
radium, Curie





Births

February 10, 1898
Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht was a German poet, playwright, and theatre director.
July 22, 1898
Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder was an American sculptor and artist most famous for inventing mobile sculptures. In addition to mobile and stable sculpture, Alexander Calder also created paintings, lithographs, toys, tapestry, jewelry and household objects.
November 24, 1898
Liu Shaoqi

Liu Shaoqi was a Chinese revolutionary, statesman, and theorist. He was Chairman of the People's Republic of China, China's head of state, from 27 April 1959 to 31 October 1968, during which he implemented policies of economic reconstruction in China.
December 2, 1898
Indra Lal Roy

Indra Lal Roy was the first Indian flying ace. He served in the First World War with the Royal Flying Corps and its successor, the Royal Air Force. He claimed 5 aircraft destroyed (including 1 shared), and 5 'down out of control' wins (including another shared) in just over 170 hours flying time.

Deaths

January 14, 1898
Lewis Carroll

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known by the pseudonym Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer. His most famous writings are “Alice's Adventures in Wonderland” and its sequel “Through the Looking-Glass”, as well as the poems "The Hunting of the Snark" and "Jabberwocky", all examples of the genre of literary nonsense.
March 20, 1898
Ivan Shishkin

Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin was a Russian landscape painter closely associated with the Peredvizhniki movement.
July 30, 1898
Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg, simply known as Otto von Bismarck, was a German statesman who unified numerous German states into a powerful German Empire under Prussian leadership, then created a "balance of power" that preserved peace in Europe from 1871 until 1914.
September 10, 1898
Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Elisabeth of Austria was the spouse of Franz Joseph I, and therefore both Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. She also held the titles of Queen of Bohemia and Croatia, among others. From an early age, she was called "Sisi" by family and friends.
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