This Day In History
Wednesday, September 26, 2018
On This Day

1916

Events

March 20, 1916

Albert Einstein publishes his...
Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity. General relativity or the general theory of relativity is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916. It is the current description of gravitation in modern physics. General relativity generalises special relativity and Newton's law of universal gravitation, providing a unified description of gravity as a geometric property of space and time, or spacetime. In particular, the curvature of spacetime is directly related to the four-momentum (mass-energy and linear momentum) of whatever matter and radiation are present. The relation is specified by the Einstein field equations, a system of partial differential equations.
Einstein, General relativity

April 10, 1916

The Professional Golfers Association...
The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City. Founded in 1916, the Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA of America) is headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, and is made up of more than 28,000 men and women golf professional members. As “the experts in the game and business of golf,” the PGA of America’s undertaking has been to establish and elevate the standards of the profession and to grow interest and participation in the game of golf.
Professional Golfers Association of America

April 25, 1916

Anzac Beach – Australian and New Zealand forces invade Turkey
Anzac Beach – Australian and New Zealand forces invade Turkey
Anzac Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at Anzac Cove. Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand, commemorated by both countries on 25 April every year to honour the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. It now more broadly commemorates all those who died and served in military operations for their countries. Anzac Day is also observed in the Cook Islands, Niue, and Tonga. It is no longer observed as a national holiday in Samoa.
Anzac Day, Australian, New Zealand





Births

March 11, 1916
Harold Wilson

James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx was a British Labour politician and Leader of the Labour Party. He was twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s, winning four general elections, including a minority government after the February 1974 General Election resulted in a hung parliament. He is the most recent British Prime Minister to have served non-consecutive terms.
April 28, 1916
Ferruccio Lamborghini

Ferruccio Elio Arturo Lamborghini was an Italian industrialist. Born to grape farmers from the comune of Renazzo di Cento in the Emilia-Romagna region, his mechanical know-how led him to enter the business of tractor manufacturing in 1948, when he founded Lamborghini Trattori, which quickly became an important manufacturer of agricultural equipment in the midst of Italy's post-war economic reform.
April 30, 1916
Claude Shannon

Claude Elwood Shannon was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".
May 1, 1916
Glenn Ford

Glenn Ford was a Canadian-born American actor from Hollywood's Golden Era with a career that spanned seven decades. Despite his versatility, Ford was best known for playing ordinary men in unusual circumstances.
July 22, 1916
Marcel Cerdan

Marcellin "Marcel" Cerdan was a French pied noir world boxing champion who was considered by many boxing experts and fans to be France's greatest boxer, and beyond to be one of the best to have learned his craft in Africa. His life was marked by his sporting achievements, social lifestyle and ultimately, tragedy.
August 19, 1916
Marie Wilson

Katherine Elisabeth Wilson, better known by her stage name, Marie Wilson, was an American radio, film, and television actress. She may have been remembered best as the title character in My Friend Irma.
October 4, 1916
Vitaly Ginzburg

Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg was a Soviet theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, Nobel laureate, a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and one of the fathers of Soviet hydrogen bomb. He was the successor to Igor Tamm as head of the Department of Theoretical Physics of the Academy's physics institute, and an outspoken atheist.

Deaths

February 28, 1916
Henry James

Henry James was an American-born writer, regarded as one of the key figures of 19th-century literary realism. He was the son of Henry James, Sr., a clergyman, and the brother of philosopher and psychologist William James and diarist Alice James.
March 19, 1916
Vasily Surikov

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov was the foremost Russian painter of large-scale historical subjects. His major pieces are among the best-known paintings in Russia.
May 11, 1916
Max Reger

Johann Baptist Joseph Maximilian Reger was a German composer, conductor, pianist, organist, and academic teacher.
November 12, 1916
Percival Lowell

Percival Lawrence Lowell was a businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars, founded the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, and formed the beginning of the effort that led to the discovery of Pluto 14 years after his death. The choice of the name Pluto and its symbol were partly influenced by his initials PL.
November 22, 1916
Jack London

John Griffith "Jack" London was an American author, journalist, and social activist.
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