This Day In History
Friday, May 25, 2018
On This Day

1969

Events

January 22, 1969

A gunman attempts to assassinate Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. An assassination attempt was made upon Leonid Brezhnev on 22 January 1969, when a deserter from the Soviet Army, Viktor Ilyin, fired shots at a motorcade carrying the Soviet leader through Moscow. Though Brezhnev was unhurt, the shots killed a driver and lightly injured several celebrated cosmonauts of the Soviet space program who were present in the motorcade. Brezhnev's attacker was captured and a news blackout on the event was maintained by the Soviet government for years thereafter.
Brezhnev

February 9, 1969

First test flight of...
First test flight of the Boeing 747. The Boeing 747 is a wide-body commercial airliner and cargo transport, often referred to by its original nickname, Jumbo Jet, or Queen of the Skies. It is among the world's most recognizable aircraft, and was the first wide-body ever produced. Manufactured by Boeing's Commercial Airplane unit in the United States, the original version of the 747 was two and a half times the size of the Boeing 707, one of the common large commercial aircraft of the 1960s. First flown commercially in 1970, the 747 held the passenger capacity record for 37 years.
Boeing 747, Boeing, first flight

April 4, 1969

Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart. He became the first heart surgeon to implant an artificial heart designed by Domingo Liotta in a man, Hanskell Karp, who lived for 65 hours.
artificial heart

May 2, 1969

The British ocean liner...
The British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 departs on her maiden voyage to New York City. Queen Elizabeth 2, often referred to simply as the QE2, is an ocean liner built for Cunard and operated by Cunard as liner and cruise ship from 1969 to 2008. Following her retirement from cruising, she was acquired by Istithmar, the investment company of Dubai World. She was designed as a liner on the transatlantic service from her home port of Southampton, England, to New York, USA, and was named after the earlier Cunard liner RMS Queen Elizabeth. She served as the flagship of the line from 1969 until succeeded by RMS Queen Mary 2 in 2004. Designed in Cunard's then headquarters and regional offices in Liverpool and Southampton respectively, and built in Clydebank, Scotland, she was considered to be the last of the great transatlantic ocean liners until the construction of the QM2 was announced.
Queen Elizabeth 2, ocean liner

July 14, 1969

Series 1934 $5,000 Federal Reserve Note, Obverse
Series 1934 $5,000 Federal Reserve Note, Obverse
The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation. The base currency of the United States is the U.S. dollar, and is printed on bills in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. At one time, however, it also included five larger denominations. High-denomination currency was prevalent from the very beginning of U.S. Government issue (1861). $500, $1,000, $5,000, and $10,000 interest bearing notes were issued in 1861, and $5,000 and $10,000 United States Notes were released in 1878. There are many different designs and types of high-denomination notes.
dollar

October 14, 1969

Fifty-pence 1969
Fifty-pence 1969
The United Kingdom introduces the British fifty-pence coin , which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world.
coin, pence

November 10, 1969

National Educational Television (the...
National Educational Television (the predecessor to the Public Broadcasting Service) in the United States debuts the children's television program «Sesame Street». Sesame Street is an American children's television series created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett. The program is known for its combination of Jim Henson's Muppets, animation, short films, humor, and cultural references. The program was conceived in 1966 during discussions between Cooney and Morrisett.
Sesame Street, PBS

November 14, 1969

Mission insignia
Mission insignia
NASA launches Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the surface of the Moon. Apollo 12 was the sixth manned flight in the American Apollo program and the second to land on the Moon (an H type mission). It was launched on November 14, 1969 from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, four months after Apollo 11. Mission commander Charles "Pete" Conrad and Lunar Module Pilot Alan L. Bean performed just over one day and seven hours of lunar surface activity while Command Module Pilot Richard F. Gordon remained in lunar orbit. The landing site for the mission was located in the southeastern portion of the Ocean of Storms. Key objectives were achievement of a more precise landing (which had not been achieved by Apollo 11), and to visit the Surveyor 3 probe to remove parts for analysis. The mission ended on November 24 with a successful splashdown, having completed the main mission parameters successfully.
Apollo program, NASA, Apollo 12, space

November 19, 1969

Apollo 12 astronauts Pete...
Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum (the "Ocean of Storms") and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
Apollo program, NASA, Apollo 12, space





Births

January 3, 1969
Michael Schumacher

Michael Schumacher is a German Formula One racing driver for the Mercedes GP team. Famous for his eleven-year spell with Ferrari, Schumacher is a seven-time World Champion and is widely regarded as the greatest F1 driver of all time.
January 5, 1969
Marilyn Manson

Marilyn Manson (born Brian Hugh Warner) is an American musician, artist and former music journalist known for his controversial stage persona and image as the lead singer of the eponymous band Marilyn Manson.
March 1, 1969
Javier Bardem

Javier Ángel Encinas Bardem is a Spanish actor. In 2007 he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as sociopathic assassin Anton Chigurh in No Country for Old Men, and has also garnered critical acclaim for roles in films such as Jamón, jamón, Carne trémula, Boca a boca, Los Lunes al sol and Mar adentro.

Deaths

January 29, 1969
Allen Welsh Dulles

Allen Welsh Dulles was an American diplomat, lawyer, banker, and public official who became the first civilian and the longest-serving (1953–1961) Director of Central Intelligence (de facto head of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) and a member of the Warren Commission. Between stints of government service, Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell.
March 28, 1969
Dwight  Eisenhower

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 until 1961. He was a five-star general in the United States Army. During World War II, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942-43 and the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944–45, from the Western Front. In 1951, he became the first supreme commander of NATO.
April 26, 1969
Morihei Ueshiba

Morihei Ueshiba was a famous martial artist and founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido. He is often referred to as "the founder" Kaiso or Ōsensei, "Great Teacher".
July 3, 1969
Brian Jones

Lewis Brian Hopkins Jones was an English musician and a founder member of the Rolling Stones.
November 12, 1969
Liu Shaoqi

Liu Shaoqi was a Chinese revolutionary, statesman, and theorist. He was Chairman of the People's Republic of China, China's head of state, from 27 April 1959 to 31 October 1968, during which he implemented policies of economic reconstruction in China.
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