This Day In History
Friday, July 20, 2018
On This Day

1991

Events

January 17, 1991

Operation Desert Storm begins...
Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning. Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation.
Operation Desert Storm, Iraq

October 20, 1991

Remains of houses destroyed by the fire
Remains of houses destroyed by the fire
The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage. The Oakland Firestorm of 1991 was a large urban fire that occurred on the hillsides of northern Oakland, California, and southeastern Berkeley on Sunday October 20, 1991, two years after the Loma Prieta earthquake. The fire has also been called the Oakland hills firestorm, the East Bay Hills Fire, and the Tunnel Fire (because of its origin above the west portal of the Caldecott Tunnel) in Oakland. The fire ultimately killed 25 people and injured 150 others. The 1,520 acres (6.2 km²) destroyed included 3,354 single-family dwellings and 437 apartment and condominium units. The economic loss has been estimated at $1.5 billion.
firestorm

December 8, 1991

Flag of CIS
Flag of CIS
The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States. The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is comparable to a very loose association of states and in no way comparable to a federation, confederation or supranational union such as the old European Community. It is more comparable to the Commonwealth of Nations. Although the CIS has few supranational powers, it is aimed at being more than a purely symbolic organization, nominally possessing coordinating powers in the realm of trade, finance, lawmaking, and security. It has also promoted cooperation on democratization and cross-border crime prevention. As a regional organization, CIS participates in UN peacekeeping forces.Some of the members of the CIS have established the Eurasian Economic Community with the aim of creating a full-fledged common market.
USSR, CIS

December 26, 1991

The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union meets and formally dissolves the USSR. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 26 December 1991, Russia was internationally recognized as its legal successor on the international stage. To that end, Russia voluntarily accepted all Soviet foreign debt and claimed overseas Soviet properties as its own. Since then, the Russian Federation has assumed the Soviet Union's rights and obligations.
USSR





Births

Deaths

February 21, 1991
Margot Fonteyn

Dame Margot Fonteyn de Arias was an English ballerina of the 20th century. She is widely regarded as one of the greatest classical ballet dancers of all time. She spent her entire career as a dancer with the Royal Ballet, eventually being appointed Prima Ballerina Assoluta of the company by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
April 3, 1991
Graham Greene

Henry Graham Greene was an English author, playwright and literary critic. His works explore the ambivalent moral and political issues of the modern world. Greene was notable for his ability to combine serious literary acclaim with widespread popularity.
November 23, 1991
Klaus Kinski

Klaus Kinski, born Klaus Günter Karl Nakszynski, was a German actor. He appeared in more than 130 films, and is perhaps best-remembered as a leading role actor in Werner Herzog films: Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972), Nosferatu the Vampyre (1979), Woyzeck (1979), Fitzcarraldo (1982) and Cobra Verde (1987).
November 24, 1991
Freddie Mercury

Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara) was a British musician, singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen.
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