This Day In History
Tuesday, December 18, 2018
On This Day

January

January 1, 45 BC - The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
January 1, 1863 - The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
January 1, 1959 - Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces during the Cuban Revolution.
January 2, 1788 - Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution
January 2, 1791 - Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War
January 2, 1959 - Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the U.S.S.R.
January 3, 1959 - Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. State.
January 3, 1977 - Apple Computer is incorporated.
January 3, 1999 - The Mars Polar Lander is launched.
January 4, 1884 - The Fabian Society is founded in London.
January 4, 1896 - Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
January 4, 2004 - Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
January 5, 1477 - Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France.
January 5, 1896 - An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Roentgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
January 5, 1914 - The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday.
January 6, 1781 - In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey.
January 6, 1839 - The most damaging storm in 300 years sweeps across Ireland, damaging or destroying more than 20% of the houses in Dublin.
January 6, 1912 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
January 7, 1610 - Galileo Galilei makes his first observation of the four Galilean moons
January 7, 1904 - The distress signal "CQD" is established only to be replaced two years later by "SOS".
January 7, 1960 - The Polaris missile is test launched.
January 8, 1806 - Cape Colony becomes a British colony.
January 8, 1815 - Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British.
January 8, 1835 - The United States national debt is 0 for the only time.
January 9, 1788 - Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.
January 9, 1917 - Battle of Rafa.
January 9, 1941 - First flight of the Avro Lancaster.
January 10, 1475 - Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
January 10, 1920 - The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I.
January 10, 1946 - The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in the Westminster Central Hall in London.
January 11, 1861 - Alabama secedes from the United States.
January 11, 1879 - The Anglo-Zulu War begins.
January 11, 1908 - Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
January 12, 1895 - The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom.
January 12, 2004 - The world's largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
January 12, 2010 - The 2010 Haiti earthquake occurs killing an estimated 316,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince.
January 13, 1893 - The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting.
January 13, 1915 - An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy.
January 13, 1942 - Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
January 14, 1907 - An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.
January 14, 1950 - The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.
January 14, 2005 - Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn's moon Titan.
January 15, 1759 - The British Museum opens.
January 15, 1892 - James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.
January 15, 1919 - The Boston Molasses Disaster
January 16, 1707 - The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
January 16, 1780 - Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
January 16, 1909 - Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
January 17, 1917 - The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
January 17, 1949 - «The Goldbergs», the first sitcom on American television, first airs.
January 17, 1991 - Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning.
January 18, 1778 - James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the "Sandwich Islands".
January 18, 1919 - Bentley Motors Limited is founded.
January 18, 2000 - The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
January 19, 1806 - The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
January 19, 1917 - Silvertown explosion.
January 19, 1935 - Coopers Inc. sells the world's first briefs.
January 20, 1265 - In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster
January 20, 1885 - L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster.
January 20, 1920 - The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
January 21, 1899 - Opel manufactures its first automobile.
January 21, 1911 - The first Monte Carlo Rally takes place.
January 21, 1981 - Production of the iconic DeLorean DMC-12 sports car begins in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland.
January 22, 1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
January 22, 1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
January 22, 1969 - A gunman attempts to assassinate Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
January 23, 1556 - The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China.
January 23, 1571 - The Royal Exchange opens in London.
January 23, 1912 - The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
January 24, 1848 - James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento.
January 24, 1939 - The deadliest earthquake in Chilean history strikes Chillán.
January 24, 1984 - The first Apple Macintosh goes on sale.
January 25, 1554 - Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.
January 25, 1990 - The Burns' Day storm hits northwestern Europe.
January 25, 2004 - Opportunity rover lands on surface of Mars.
January 26, 1837 - Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.
January 26, 1911 - Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.
January 26, 1934 - The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
January 27, 1888 - The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C..
January 27, 1939 - First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
January 27, 1973 - The Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War.
January 28, 1820 - A Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovers the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
January 28, 1851 - Northwestern University becomes the first chartered university in Illinois.
January 28, 1958 - The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
January 29, 1856 - Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross.
January 29, 1861 - Kansas is admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
January 29, 1863 - Bear River Massacre.
January 30, 1835 - In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen.
January 30, 1902 - The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance is signed in London.
January 30, 1933 - Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
January 31, 1930 - 3M begins marketing Scotch Tape.
January 31, 1958 - The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
January 31, 1958 - James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
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