February 1, 1865
- President Abraham Lincoln signs the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
February 1, 2003
- Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere.
February 2, 1943
- The Battle of Stalingrad comes to conclusion as Soviet troops accept the surrender of 91,000 remnants of the Axis forces.
February 3, 1488
- Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
February 3, 1966
- The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
February 4, 1861
- In Montgomery, Alabama, delegates from six break-away U.S. states meet and form the Confederate States of America.
February 4, 1936
- Radium becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
February 5, 1869
- The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the "Welcome Stranger", is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia.
February 5, 1941
- Allied forces begin the Battle of Keren to capture Keren, Eritrea.
February 6, 1788
- Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
February 6, 1806
- Battle of San Domingo British naval victory against the French in the Caribbean.
February 7, 1940
- The second full length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio
February 7, 2009
- Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.
February 8, 1904
- A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
February 8, 1910
- The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
February 8, 1960
- The first eight brass star plaques are installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
February 10, 1846
- Battle of Sobraon – British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war.
February 10, 1962
- Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
February 11, 1942
- The first gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
February 13, 1960
- With the success of a nuclear test codenamed "Gerboise Bleue", France becomes the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons.
February 16, 1852
- Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
February 16, 1968
- In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 911 emergency telephone system goes into service.
February 17, 1864
- The H. L. Hunley
becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic
February 18, 1268
- The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakvere.
February 18, 1930
- While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
February 20, 1935
- Caroline Mikkelsen becomes the first woman to set foot in Antarctica.
February 21, 1918
- The last Carolina Parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
February 22, 1819
- By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
February 25, 1836
- Samuel Colt is granted a United States patent for the Colt revolver.
February 25, 1951
- The first Pan American Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
February 26, 1946
- Finnish observers report the first of many thousands of sightings of ghost rockets.
February 26, 1972
- The Buffalo Creek Flood caused by a burst dam kills 125 in West Virginia.
February 27, 1870
- The current flag of Japan is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships.
February 28, 1854
- The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin.
February 28, 1997
- The North Hollywood shootout takes place, resulting in the injury of 19 people and the deaths of both perpetrators.
February 29, 1712
- February 29 is followed by February 30 in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Old style.