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in 1477Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France.
The Battle of Nancy was the final and decisive battle of the Burgundian Wars, fought outside the walls of Nancy on 5 January 1477 between Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, and René II, Duke of Lorraine. René's forces won the battle, and Charles' mutilated body was found three days later.
in 1896An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Roentgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
Röntgen's original paper, "On A New Kind Of Rays" (Über eine neue Art von Strahlen), was published 50 days later on 28 December 1895. On 5 January 1896, an Austrian newspaper reported Röntgen's discovery of a new type of radiation. Röntgen was awarded an honorary Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Würzburg after his discovery. He published a total of three papers on X-rays between 1895 and 1897. Today, Röntgen is considered the father of diagnostic radiology, the medical specialty which uses imaging to diagnose disease.
in 1914The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday.
The Ford Motor Company took the radical step of doubling pay to $5 a day and cut shifts from nine hours to eight, moves that were not popular with rival companies, although seeing the increase in Ford's productivity, and a significant increase in profit margin (from $30 million to $60 million in two years), most soon followed suit.
Umberto Eco is an Italian semiotician, essayist, philosopher, literary critic, and novelist, best known for his novel “The Name of the Rose” (“Il nome della rosa”, 1980), an intellectual mystery combining semiotics in fiction, biblical analysis, medieval studies and literary theory.
Marilyn Manson (born Brian Hugh Warner) is an American musician, artist and former music journalist known for his controversial stage persona and image as the lead singer of the eponymous band Marilyn Manson.
Elizaveta Petrovna, also known as Yelisavet and Elizabeth, was the Empress of Russia from 1741 until her death. She led the country to victory in the War of Austrian Succession (1740–8) and brought it into the Seven Years' War (1756–63). On the eve of her death, Russia spanned almost 4,000,000,000 acres (16,000,000 km^2)
Charles Mingus Jr. was an American jazz musician, composer, bandleader, and civil rights activist.