This Day In History
Thursday, December 13, 2018
On This Day

Events

in 1358

Republic of Dubrovnik is...
Republic of Dubrovnik is founded The Republic of Ragusa or Republic of Dubrovnik was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian and Latin) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost modern Croatia), that existed from 1358 to 1808. It reached its commercial peak in the 15th and the 16th centuries, under the protection of the Ottoman Empire, before being conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte's French Empire in 1808. It had a population of about 30,000 people, of whom 5,000 lived within the city walls. It had the motto, Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro (Latin for "Liberty is not well sold for all the gold").
Republic of Dubrovnik

Births

in 1838
Paul Mauser

Paul Mauser was a German weapon designer and manufacturer/industrialist.

Deaths

in 1831
Sophie Germain

Marie-Sophie Germain was a French mathematician, physicist and philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents and difficulties presented by a gender-biased society, she gained education from books in her father's library and from correspondence with famous mathematicians such as LaGrange, Legendre, and Gauss. One of the pioneers of elasticity theory, she won the grand prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her essay on the subject.
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