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Thirty Years War
in 1648The Peace of Westphalia is signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years' War.
The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October of 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic.
William Lassell discovers the moons Umbriel and Ariel (moon) orbiting Uranus.
Umbriel named after a character in Alexander Pope's poem The Rape of the Lock. Ariel named for a sky spirit in Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock and Shakespeare's The Tempest.
"Black Thursday" stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.
Crowd gathering on Wall Street after the 1929 crash.
The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as the Great Crash, and the Stock Market Crash of 1929, was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signaled the beginning of the 12-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries and that did not end in the United States until the onset of American mobilization for World War II at the end of 1941.
Wilhelm Eduard Weber was a German physicist and, together with Carl Friedrich Gauss, inventor of the first electromagnetic telegraph.
Roman Arkadyevich Abramovich is a Russian businessman and the main owner of the private investment company Millhouse LLC.
Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe, was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. Coming from Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden, Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer and alchemist.
Alessandro Scarlatti was an Italian Baroque composer especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera. He was the father of two other composers, Domenico Scarlatti and Pietro Filippo Scarlatti.
James Jay Archer was a lawyer and an officer in the United States Army during the Mexican-American War, and he later served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.