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in 1860South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the United States.
On December 20, 1860, when it became clear that Lincoln would be the next president, South Carolina became the first state to declare its secession from the Union.
, United States
nuclear power plant
in 1951The EBR-1 in Arco, Idaho becomes the first nuclear power plant to generate electricity.
Experimental Breeder Reactor I (EBR-I) is a decommissioned research reactor and U.S. National Historic Landmark located in the desert about 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Arco, Idaho. At 1:50 pm on December 20, 1951 it became the world's first electricity-generating nuclear power plant when it produced sufficient electricity to illuminate four 200-watt light bulbs. It subsequently generated sufficient electricity to power its building, and continued to be used for experimental purposes until it was decommissioned in 1964.
in 2004A gang of thieves steal £26.5 million worth of currency from the Donegall Square West headquarters of Northern Bank in Belfast,
Northern Ireland, one of the largest bank robberies in UK history. The Northern Bank robbery was a large robbery of cash from the Donegall Square West headquarters of Northern Bank in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Carried out by a large, proficient group on 20 December 2004, the gang seized the equivalent of £26.5 million in pounds sterling and small amounts of other currencies, largely euros and U.S. dollars. This made it the largest bank robbery in UK and Irish history. Although the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) and the British and Irish governments claimed the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) was responsible (or had permitted others to undertake the raid), this is denied by the Provisional IRA and the political party Sinn Féin. Although one person has been convicted of money laundering, the investigation is still ongoing and the case remains unsolved.
Pietro Raimondi was an Italian composer, transitional between the Classical and Romantic eras. While he was famous at the time as a composer of operas and sacred music, he was also as an innovator in contrapuntal technique as well as in creation of gigantic musical simultaneities.
Kim Ki-duk is a South Korean filmmaker noted for his idiosyncratic "art-house" cinematic works. His films have received many distinctions in the festival circuit. He is not related to the Kim Ki-duk who directed Yonggary in the 1960s. He has given scripts to several of his former assistant directors including Jeon Jae-hong (Beautiful) and Jang Hun (Rough Cut).
Alfred Eric Campbell, known as Eric Campbell, was an English actor who for many years was wrongly believed to be Scottish. He was a key member of Charlie Chaplin's film ensemble, invariably playing an intimidating bully, and appeared in 11 of his films before he was killed in a car crash at 38 years old. He is the subject of a documentary by filmmaker Kevin Macdonald.
Igor Severyanin was a Russian poet who presided over the circle of the so-called Ego-Futurists.
John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr. was an American writer. He is widely known for the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Grapes of Wrath
(1939) and East of Eden
(1952) and the novella Of Mice and Men
(1937). He was an author of twenty-seven books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books and five collections of short stories; Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962.
Bobby Darin (born Walden Robert Cassotto) was an American singer who performed in a range of music genres, including pop, rock, jazz, folk and country.
Brittany Anne Murphy-Monjack, known professionally as Brittany Murphy, was an American actress and singer.