December 7, 1724Tumult of Thorn
The Tumult of Thorn, also called Blood-Bath of Thorn, refers to executions ordered in 1724 by the Polish supreme court under Augustus II the Strong of Saxony. During a religious conflict between Protestant townsfolk represented by mayor Johann Gottfried Rösner, and the Roman Catholic students of the Jesuit college in the city of Thorn (Toruń) in Royal Prussia, the Jesuit collegium had been besieged, profaned and devastated by a crowd of German Protestants. The mayor and nine other Lutheran officials were blamed for neglect of duty, sentenced to death and executed on 7 December 1724. The executions damaged Poland's reputation in Protestant Europe and among the German thinkers of Enlightenment.