This Day In History
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
On This Day
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

(October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Pioneering the use of non-violent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a tool to fight for civil rights and freedom that he called satyagraha, he founded his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence for which he is internationally renowned.

Gandhi led India to her independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma. In India, he is also called Bapu and officially honoured as the Father of the Nation. His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

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Gandhi
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, Father of Nation
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, India
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