Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Pioneering the use of non-violent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a tool to fight for civil rights and freedom that he called satyagraha
, he founded his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa
, or total nonviolence for which he is internationally renowned.