(June 17, 1818 - October 18, 1893)
Charles-François Gounod was a French composer, known for his Ave Maria as well as his operas Faust and Roméo et Juliette.
(January 20, 1855 - June 10, 1899)
Amédée-Ernest Chausson was a French romantic composer who died just as his career was beginning to flourish.
(August 15, 1890 - February 5, 1962)
Jacques François Antoine Ibert was a French composer. Having studied music from an early age, he studied at the Paris Conservatoire and won its top prize, the Prix de Rome at his first attempt, despite studies interrupted by his service in World War I.
(August 22, 1862 - March 25, 1918)
Claude-Achille Debussy was a French composer. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures working within the field of impressionist music, though he himself intensely disliked the term when applied to his compositions. In France, he was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1903. A crucial figure in the transition to the modern era in Western music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers.
(July 24, 1803 - May 3, 1856)
Adolphe Charles Adam was a French composer and music critic. A prolific composer of operas and ballets, he is best known today for his ballets Giselle
(1844) and Le corsaire
(1856, his last work), his operas Le postillon de Lonjumeau
(1836), Le toréador
(1849) and Si j'étais roi
(1852, often regarded as his finest work), and his Christmas carol "Minuit, chrétiens!" ("O Holy Night") (1847). Adam was also a noted teacher. Léo Delibes was among his pupils.
(May 12, 1842 - August 13, 1912)
Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet was a French composer best known for his operas. His compositions were very popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and he ranks as one of the greatest melodists of his era. Soon after his death, Massenet's style went out of fashion, and many of his operas fell into almost total oblivion. Apart from Manon
, his works were rarely performed. However, since the mid-1970s, many operas of his such as Thaïs
have undergone periodic revivals.
(October 25, 1838 - June 3, 1875)
Georges Bizet was a French composer, mainly of operas. In a career cut short by his early death, he achieved few successes before his final work, Carmen
, became one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertory.
, French composer
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
(May 10, 1760 - June 26, 1836)
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was a French Army officer of the Revolutionary Wars. He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin
in 1792, which would later be known as La Marseillaise
and become the French national anthem.
, La Marseillaise