December 12, 1911
Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
Seal of Delhi
The capital of British India was transferred from Calcutta to Delhi, following which a team of British architects led by Edwin Lutyens designed a new political and administrative area, known as New Delhi, to house the government buildings. New Delhi, also known as Lutyens' Delhi, was officially declared as the capital of the Union of India after the country gained independence on 15 August 1947.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Pioneering the use of non-violent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a tool to fight for civil rights and freedom that he called satyagraha
, he founded his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa
, or total nonviolence for which he is internationally renowned.
, Father of Nation
March 14, 1931Alam Ara, India's first talkie film, is released.
Alam Ara is a 1931 film directed by Ardeshir Irani. It was the first Indian sound film. Irani recognized the importance that sound would have on the cinema, and raced to complete Alam Ara before several contemporary sound films. Alam Ara debuted at the Majestic Cinema in Mumbai (then Bombay) on March 14, 1931. The first Indian talkie was so popular that "police aid had to be summoned to control the crowds."
, talkie film