(August 30, 1871 - October 19, 1937)
Ernest Rutherford was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. In early work he discovered the concept of radioactive half-life, proved that radioactivity involved the transmutation of one chemical element to another, and also differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation. This work was done at McGill University in Canada. It is the basis for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry he was awarded in 1908 "for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances".
, nuclear physics
(November 7, 1867 - July 4, 1934)
Marie Skłodowska Curie was a Polish–French physicist–chemist famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes — in physics and chemistry. She was the first female professor at the University of Paris. She was the first woman to be entombed on her own merits (in 1995) in the Paris Panthéon.
, Polish chemist
(July 23, 1906 - January 7, 1998)
Vladimir Prelog was a Croatian chemist and Nobel Prize winner in chemistry. Prelog lived and worked in Prague, Zagreb and Zürich during his lifetime.
, Nobel laureate
(January 11, 1906 - April 29, 2008)
Albert Hofmann was a Swiss scientist known best for being the first person to synthesize, ingest and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).
(February 8, 1834 - February 2, 1907)
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, was a Russian chemist and inventor. He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements. Using the table, he predicted the properties of elements yet to be discovered.
, periodic table
(September 28, 1852 - February 20, 1907)
Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan was a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds.
, Nobel laureate
Franz Karl Achard
(April 28, 1753 - April 20, 1821)
Franz Karl Achard was a German chemist, physicist and biologist. His principal discovery was the production of sugar from sugar beets.
August Wilhelm von Hofmann
(April 8, 1818 - May 5, 1892)
August Wilhelm von Hofmann was a German chemist.
Louis Camille Maillard
(February 4, 1878 - May 12, 1936)
Louis Camille Maillard was a French physician and chemist.
Friedrich August Kekule
(September 7, 1829 - July 13, 1896)
Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz was a German organic chemist. From the 1850s until his death, Kekule was one of the most prominent chemists in Europe, especially in theoretical chemistry. He was the principal founder of the theory of chemical structure.