(August 7, 1876 - October 15, 1917)
Mata Hari was the stage name of Margaretha Geertruida "Grietje" Zelle, a Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan, and accused spy, although possibly innocent, who was executed by firing squad in France for espionage for Germany during World War I.
(October 4, 1895 - November 7, 1944)
Richard Sorge was a German communist and spy who worked for the Soviet Union. He has gained great fame among espionage enthusiasts for his intelligence gathering during World War II. He worked as a journalist in both Germany and Japan, where he was imprisoned for spying and eventually hanged. His GRU codename was "Ramsay" (Russian: Рамза́й). He is widely regarded as one of the best-known Soviet intelligence officers of the Second World War, according to Phillip Knightley, the author of The Second Oldest Profession (1986).
February 10, 1962
Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
Glienicke Bridge - "Bridge of Spies"
The exchange took place on the Glienicke Bridge that links West Berlin with Potsdam. The Glienicke Bridge became famous during the Cold War as the "Bridge of Spies". At precisely the same time, at Checkpoint Charlie, Frederic Pryor was released by the East German Stasi into the waiting arms of his father. A few days later Fisher, reunited with his wife, Elena and daughter, Evelyn, flew home. It suited the KGB, for the sake of its own reputation to portray "Abel's" nine years of being an undetected agent in the U.S., as a triumph by a dedicated NKVD member.