American Civil War
October 15, 1863The H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks during a test, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley.
Though he was not part of the crew, Hunley decided to take command during a routine exercise. The vessel again sank, and this time all eight crew members were killed, including Hunley himself. The vessel was later raised and used again in the first successful sinking of an enemy vessel by a submarine in naval history.
Soviet naval captain
(January 15, 1913 - November 25, 1963)
Alexander Ivanovich Marinesko was a Soviet sailor and, during World War II, the captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff, with recent research showing that over 9,000 died when the ship sank.
, naval captain
, World War II
February 17, 1864
The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.
The Hunley by George S. Cook.
The Sinking of USS Housatonic on February 17, 1864 during the American Civil War was an important turning point in naval warfare. On this night the Confederate States Navy submarine, H.L. Hunley made her first and only attack on a Union Navy warship. The Hunley became the first submarine to sink an enemy vessel, the USS Housatonic, in combat, thus beginning the era of submarine warfare.
, H L Hunley
, American Civil War
March 4, 1970French submarine Eurydice explodes underwater, resulting in the loss of the entire 57-man crew.
was a French submarine, one of nine of the Daphné
class. On 4 March 1970, while diving in calm seas off Cape Camarat in the Mediterranean, 35 miles east of Toulon, a geophysical laboratory picked up the shock waves of an underwater explosion. French and Italian search teams found an oil slick and a few bits of debris, including a parts tag that bore the name Eurydice
. The cause of the explosion was never determined. All 57 crew were lost.
April 7, 1989Soviet submarine Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway killing 42 sailors.
was the only Project 685 Plavnik
nuclear-powered attack submarine of the Soviet Navy. The boat sank in 1989 and is currently resting on the floor of the Barents Sea, one mile deep, with its nuclear reactor and two nuclear warheads still on board. The single Project 685 was developed to test technologies for Soviet 4th generation nuclear submarines. Although primarily intended as a developmental model, it was fully combat capable, but sank after a fire broke out in the aft engineering compartment on its first operational patrol.
April 30, 1961K-19, the first Soviet nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear missiles, is commissioned.
K-19 was one of the first two Soviet submarines of the 658, 658м, 658с class (NATO reporting name Hotel-class submarine), the first generation nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear ballistic missiles, specifically the R-13 (missile). Its keel was laid down on 17 October 1958, christened on 8 April 1959 and launched on 11 October 1959. Its naval flag was first raised on 12 July 1960, and it completed all acceptance tests on 12 November 1960. Its official commissioning took place on 30 April 1961. Due to the large number of accidents during its construction and service life, it gained an unofficial nickname "Hiroshima" among naval sailors and officers. Over its service life, it ran 332,396 miles during 20,223 working hours.
, nuclear submarine