February 12, 1855Michigan State University is established.
Michigan State University is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan, USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. It is considered to be one of America's Public Ivy universities, which recognizes top public research universities in the United States.Following the introduction of the Morrill Act, the college became coeducational and expanded its curriculum beyond agriculture. Today, MSU is the ninth-largest university in the United States, with 47,800 students and 2,954 faculty members. The school's nuclear physics, engineering, political science, business, journalism, education, law and osteopathic medicine programs are among the nation's best.
January 20, 1855
Amédée-Ernest Chausson was a French romantic composer who died just as his career was beginning to flourish.
March 13, 1855
Percival Lawrence Lowell was a businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars, founded the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, and formed the beginning of the effort that led to the discovery of Pluto 14 years after his death. The choice of the name Pluto and its symbol were partly influenced by his initials PL.
September 10, 1855
Robert Johann Koldewey was a German architect, famous for his discovery of the ancient city of Babylon in modern day Iraq. He was born in Blankenburg am Harz in Germany, the duchy of Brunswick, and died in Berlin at the age of 70.
February 23, 1855
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and physical scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy and optics.
March 31, 1855
Charlotte Brontë was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood, whose novels are English literature standards. She wrote Jane Eyre
under the pen name Currer Bell.
April 18, 1855
Jean-Baptiste Isabey was a French painter born at Nancy. At nineteen, after some lessons from Dumont, miniature painter to Marie Antoinette, he became a pupil of Jacques-Louis David. Employed at Versailles on portraits of the dukes of Angoulême and Berry, he was given a commission by the queen, which opens the long list of those he received from successive French rulers until his death in 1855.
November 26, 1855
Adam Bernard Mickiewicz was a Polish (Polish-Lithuanian) poet, publisher and political writer of the Romantic period.
December 6, 1855
Amschel Mayer Rothschild was a German Jewish banker of the Rothschild family financial dynasty.