March 24, 1860Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister (Tairō) Ii Naosuke
The Sakuradamon incident on 24 March 1860 was the assassination of Japanese Chief Minister (Tairō) Ii Naosuke (1815-1860), by rōnin samurai of the Mito Domain, outside the Sakuradamon gate of Edo Castle.
, Japanese Chief Minister
April 3, 1860The first successful United States Pony Express run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California begins.
The Pony Express was a fast mail service crossing the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, and the High Sierra from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, from April 3, 1860 to October 1861. It became the west's most direct means of east-west communication before the telegraph and was vital for tying California closely with the Union just before the American Civil War.
December 20, 1860South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the United States.
On December 20, 1860, when it became clear that Lincoln would be the next president, South Carolina became the first state to declare its secession from the Union.
, United States
January 29, 1860
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian physician, dramatist and author who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history. His career as a dramatist produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Chekhov practised as a doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."
May 9, 1860
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, was a Scottish author and dramatist, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan. The child of a family of small-town weavers, he was educated in Scotland. He moved to London, where he developed a career as a novelist and playwright.