This Day In History
Tuesday, December 18, 2018
On This Day

1894

Events

Births

July 8, 1894
Pyotr Kapitsa

Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa was a leading Soviet physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate.
November 26, 1894
Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener was an American mathematician. He was Professor of Mathematics at MIT. A famous child prodigy, Wiener later became an early researcher in stochastic and noise processes, contributing work relevant to electronic engineering, electronic communication, and control systems. Wiener is regarded as the originator of cybernetics, a formalization of the notion of feedback, with many implications for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, philosophy, and the organization of society.

Deaths

January 1, 1894
Heinrich Hertz

Heinrich Rudolf Hertz was a German physicist who clarified and expanded the electromagnetic theory of light that had been put forth by Maxwell. He was the first to satisfactorily demonstrate the existence of electromagnetic waves by building an apparatus to produce and detect radio waves.
February 4, 1894
Adolphe Sax

Antoine-Joseph "Adolphe" Sax was a Belgian musical instrument designer and musician who played the flute and clarinet, and is best known for having invented the saxophone.
March 24, 1894
Verney Lovett Cameron

Verney Lovett Cameron was an English traveller in Central Africa and the first European to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea.
November 20, 1894
Anton Rubinstein

Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein was a Russian-Jewish pianist, composer and conductor. As a pianist he was regarded as a rival of Franz Liszt, and he ranks amongst the great keyboard virtuosos. He also founded the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, which, together with Moscow Conservatory founded by his brother Nikolai Rubinstein, helped establish a reputation for musical skill among the subjects of the Tsar of Russia.
December 3, 1894
Robert Louis Stevenson

Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer. His best-known books include «Treasure Island», «Kidnapped», and «Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde».
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