This Day In History
Saturday, December 15, 2018
On This Day

1921

Events

March 31, 1921

The Royal Australian Air...
The Royal Australian Air Force is formed. The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the air force branch of the Australian Defence Force. The RAAF was formed in March 1921. It continues the traditions of the Australian Flying Corps (AFC), which was formed on 22 October 1912. The RAAF has taken part in many of the 20th century's major conflicts including both World Wars, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. More recently the RAAF participated in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and is still involved with the War in Afghanistan (2001–present). The motto on the RAAF's coat of arms is the Latin phrase Per ardua ad astra, which means "Through Struggle to the Stars".
Royal Australian Air Force, air force, Australia

October 26, 1921

The Chicago Theatre opens.
...
The Chicago Theatre opens. The Chicago Theatre, originally known as the Balaban and Katz Chicago Theatre, is a landmark theater located on North State Street in the Loop area of Chicago, Illinois. Built in 1921, the Chicago Theatre was the flagship for the Balaban and Katz (B&K) group of theaters run by A. J. Balaban, his brother Barney Balaban and their partner Sam Katz. Along with the other B&K theaters, from 1925 to 1945 the Chicago Theatre was a dominant movie theater enterprise. Now the Chicago Theatre is a performing arts venue for stage plays, magic shows, comedy, speeches, and popular music concerts. It is owned by Madison Square Garden, Inc.
Chicago, theatre

November 4, 1921

The Sturmabteilung or SA...
The Sturmabteilung or SA is formed by Adolf Hitler The Sturmabteilung (SA) functioned as a paramilitary organization of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (or Nazi Party). It played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. SA men were often called "brownshirts" for the colour of their uniforms (similar to Benito Mussolini's blackshirts).
Adolf Hitler, Sturmabteilung

November 7, 1921

The Partito Nazionale Fascista,...
The Partito Nazionale Fascista, National Fascist Party, comes into existence. The National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista; PNF) was an Italian political party, created by Benito Mussolini as the political expression of fascism (previously represented by groups known as Fasci; see also Italian Fascism). The party ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under an authoritarian system that described itself as totalitarian, even though, according to today's criteria, it was not.
Italy, National Fascist Party

December 6, 1921

The Anglo-Irish Treaty is...
The Anglo-Irish Treaty is signed in London by British and Irish representatives. The Anglo-Irish Treaty officially called the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and representatives of the secessionist Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence. It established the Irish Free State as a self-governing dominion within the British Empire and also provided Northern Ireland, which had been created by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, an option to opt out of the Irish Free State, which it exercised.

Births

June 21, 1921
Jane Russell

Ernestine Jane Geraldine Russell was an American film actress and was one of Hollywood's leading sex symbols in the 1940s and 1950s.
December 6, 1921
George Beurling

George Frederick "Buzz" Beurling was the most successful Canadian fighter pilot of the Second World War.

Deaths

February 8, 1921
Peter Kropotkin

Prince Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin was a Russian zoologist, activist, philosopher, economist, writer, scientist, evolutionary theorist, geographer and one of the world's foremost anarcho-communists. Kropotkin advocated a communist society free from central government and based on voluntary associations between workers.
August 7, 1921
Alexander Blok

Alexander Alexandrovich Blok was a Russian lyrical poet.
October 23, 1921
John Boyd Dunlop

John Boyd Dunlop was a Scottish inventor. He was one of the founders of the rubber company that bore his name, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company.
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