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March 13, 1988The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan.
The Seikan Tunnel is a 53.85-kilometre (33.46 mi) railway tunnel in Japan, with a 23.3-kilometre (14.5 mi) long portion under the seabed. Track level is about 140 metres (460 ft) below seabed and 240 m (790 ft) below sea level. It travels beneath the Tsugaru Strait—connecting Aomori Prefecture on the Japanese island of Honshu and the island of Hokkaido—as part of the Kaikyo Line of Hokkaido Railway Company. The name Seikan comes from combining the on'yomi readings of the first characters of Aomori and Hakodate, the nearest major city on the Hokkaido side.
November 2, 1988The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT.
The Morris worm or Internet worm of November 2, 1988 was one of the first computer worms distributed via the Internet. It is considered the first worm and was certainly the first to gain significant mainstream media attention. It also resulted in the first conviction in the US under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. It was written by a student at Cornell University, Robert Tappan Morris, and launched on November 2, 1988 from MIT.
November 15, 1988In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran is launched on her first and last space flight.
The Buran spacecraft analogous in function and design to the US Space Shuttle and developed by Chief Designer Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy of Energia rocket corporation. To this day, Buran remains the only space shuttle vehicle from the Soviet Buran program that was launched into space before the program closure. The Buran completed one unmanned spaceflight in 1988. The program was cancelled in 1993. In 2002, the Buran was destroyed when the hangar in which it was stored, at the Baikonur cosmodrome, collapsed.
January 11, 1988
Gregory "Pappy" Boyington was a United States Marine Corps officer who was an American fighter ace during World War II.
June 2, 1988
Ranbir Raj Kapoor was an Indian film actor, producer and director of Hindi cinema. A Punjabi refugee from Pakistan after the 1947 partition, Raj Kapoor saw great fame and fortune in Hindu India.
November 27, 1988
John Carradine (born Richmond Reed Carradine) was an American actor, best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns as well as Shakespearean theater.
December 6, 1988
Roy Kelton Orbison was an American singer-songwriter, well known for his distinctive, powerful voice, complex compositions, and dark emotional ballads.